Stephen Fry

List of people with bipolar disorder

This is a list of people, living or dead, accompanied by verifiable source citations associating them with bipolar disorder (formerly known as “manic depression“), either based on their own public statements, or (in the case of dead people only) reported contemporary or posthumous diagnoses of bipolar disorder.

Regarding posthumous diagnoses: many famous people are believed to have been affected by bipolar disorder. Most of these listed have been diagnosed based on evidence in their own writings and contemporaneous accounts by those who knew them. It is often suggested that genius (or, at least, creative talent) and mental disorder (specifically, the mania and hypomania of bipolar disorder) is linked; the connection was widely publicized by Kay Redfield Jamison in Touched with Fire, although many of the diagnoses in the book are made by Jamison herself. Also, persons prior to the 20th century may have incomplete or speculative diagnoses of bipolar disorder (e.g. Vincent van Gogh.)


Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z




  • Robert Calvert, former Hawkwind frontman.[19][20]
  • Alastair Campbell, press advisor.[21][22]
  • Georg Cantor, mathematician. Cantor’s recurring bouts of depression from 1884 to the end of his life were once blamed on the hostile attitude of many of his contemporaries,[23] but these bouts can now be seen as probable manifestations of bipolar disorder.[24]
  • Dick Cavett, television journalist. “CAVETT: Both in hypomanic, which I have had, and incidentally, one has to admit many patients say I am cured now, I am fine. But I must say I miss those hypomanic states. They are better off where they are.”[25]
  • Iris Chang, historian and journalist for the San Francisco Chronicle.[26]
  • John Clare, poet.[27][28]
  • Kurt Cobain, musician. His cousin, Beverly Cobain, a “registered nurse (…) [with] experience as a mental health professional” and author of a book, When Nothing Matters Anymore: A Survival Guide for Depressed Teens ISBN 1-57542-036-8, stated in an interview: “Kurt was diagnosed at a young age with Attention Deficit Disorder [ADD], then later with bipolar disorder; (…) As Kurt undoubtedly knew, bipolar illness can be very difficult to manage, and the correct diagnosis is crucial. Unfortunately for Kurt, compliance with the appropriate treatment is also a critical factor.”[29]
  • Neil Cole, former Australian Labor party politician. “Associate Professor Cole was the first politician in Australia or overseas to admit to having a mental illness, namely bipolar mood disorder.”[30]
  • Rosemary Clooney, singer and actress.[31]
  • Patricia Cornwell, American crime writer.[32][33]
  • Robert S. Corrington, theologist. In his book Riding the Windhorse: Manic-Depressive Disorder and the Quest for Wholeness[34] he gives a personal account of his own struggles with the condition.
  • Michael Costa, former Australian Labor party politician and Treasurer of NSW. “Mr Costa said a number of state parliamentary colleagues approached him about their mental health problems after he publicly revealed his battle with bipolar disorder in 2001.”[35]
  • Vincent Crane, keyboard player of Atomic Rooster.[36]


  • Ray Davies, musician: is openly bipolar; also see his autobiography, X-Ray.
  • Disco D, record producer and composer. On returning to the United States from his 2005 Australian trek, Shayman went public about his struggle with bipolar disorder.[37]
  • DMX (rapper), has spoken openly about his manic depression.[38]
  • Mike Doughty, musician. First described himself diagnosed as bipolar in 2007 on his blog.[39]
  • Charmaine Dragun, former Australian journalist/newsreader. Misdiagnosed with depression. Inquest concluded she had bipolar II disorder.[40]
  • Richard Dreyfuss, actor, BBC Documentary.[41]
  • Patty Duke, actress.[42]


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  • Carrie Fisher, actress and writer. “‘I ended up being diagnosed as a bipolar II,’ says Fisher.”[41][43]
  • Connie Francis, singer.[44]
  • Stephen Fry, actor, comedian and writer. “As a sufferer of the disorder, Stephen Fry is speaking to other sufferers to find out about their experiences and visiting leading experts in the UK and US to examine the current state of understanding and research.” Stephen has recorded a documentary about the life of the manic depressive which aired on the BBC.[41]
  • Justin Furstenfeld, Lead singer of the band, “Blue October“.[45]


  • Alan Garner, novelist. According to the Guardian, “In The Voice that Thunders (Harvill), a collection of critical and autobiographical essays, Garner casts light on his writing and thinking, and the role that manic depression plays in his creativity”.[46][47]
  • Paul Gascoigne, English footballer. “His second book, released this year, centres on his therapy – for alcoholism, eating disorders, OCD, and bipolar disorder, among others.”[48]
  • Mel Gibson, actor and director.[49]
  • Matthew Good, Canadian musician. He first disclosed his illness in a personal blog. It was during the writing and recording of Hospital Music that he suffered one of his worst episodes.[50]
  • Philip Graham, publisher and businessman. “It had finally penetrated to me that Phil’s diagnosis was manic-depression…” Katherine Graham (1997), Personal History, p. 328; Knopf, 1997, ISBN 0-394-58585-2 (book has numerous other references).
  • Macy Gray, musician and actor. As documented in an interview with Saul Williams.[51]
  • Graham Greene, English novelist.[52] Extract from Graham Greene: A Life in Letters: “Greene was managing the impulses of bipolar illness, involving mood swings from elation, expansiveness or irritability to despair and would quickly be guilty of repeated infidelities.”
  • Ivor Gurney, English composer and poet.[53]




  • Kay Redfield Jamison, clinical psychologist and Professor of Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, who profiled her own bipolar disorder in her 1995 memoir An Unquiet Mind and argued for a connection between bipolar disorder and artistic creativity in her 1993 book, Touched with Fire.
  • Daniel Johnston, musician: “Johnston’s output in his late teens and early 20s proved to be a symptom of his worsening manic depression.” The Guardian Unlimited, Saturday August 20, 2005: “Personal demons”, review of film, The Devil and Daniel Johnston:[64]
  • Andrew Johns, Australian rugby league player. Publicly announced his condition following retirement.[65]
  • Lee Joon, Korean actor and musician [66]


  • Chris Kanyon American professional wrestler.[67]
  • Kerry Katona, English television presenter, writer, magazine columnist and former pop singer with girl band Atomic Kitten. BBC.[68]
  • Rep. Patrick J. Kennedy has been open about mental health issues, including being diagnosed with bipolar disorder.[69]
  • Otto Klemperer, conductor.[70]
  • Margot Kidder, actress — self-described.[71]
  • Patrick Kroupa, writer and hacker, has been very open about his drug use and mental health issues, after his last heroin detox in 1999. He mentions bipolar disorder openly in several interviews.[72][73][74]




  • Florence Nightingale, nurse and health campaigner. BPW “Florence heard voices and experienced a number of severe depressive episodes in her teens and early 20s – symptoms consistent with the onset of bipolar disorder”, Dr. Kathy Wisner, a professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.[92]


  • Sinéad O’Connor, musician. She discussed her diagnosis in a Guardian interview in 2010.[93]
  • Graeme Obree, Scottish racing cyclist. World hour record 1993. Individual pursuit world champion in 1993 and 1995. Cited in 2003 autobiography, Flying Scotsman: Cycling to Triumph Through My Darkest Hours and 2006 film.
  • Phil Ochs, musician.[94]
  • Bill Oddie, naturalist, comedian and television presenter.[95][96]
  • Ozzy Osbourne, singer. Lead singer of Black Sabbath and his self-titled band. Cited in VH1’s “Heavy: The History of Metal” in 2006.
  • Cheri Oteri, actress. Saturday Night Live Cast Member. Cited in Shales T.& Miller A. (2002) Live From New York, A Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live.
  • Craig Owens, singer for American band Chiodos.[97]


  • Nicola Pagett, actor. Wrote about her bipolar disorder in her autobiography Diamonds Behind My Eyes ISBN 0575602678
  • Emma Parker Bowles, model.[98]
  • Jaco Pastorius, jazz musician. “Jaco was diagnosed with this clinical bipolar condition in the fall of 1982. The events which led up to it were considered “uncontrolled and reckless” incidences.”[99]
  • Jane Pauley, TV presenter and journalist. The former Today and Dateline host describes being diagnosed with bipolar disorder in her autobiography “Skywriting: A Life Out of the Blue”, which she wrote in 2004, as well as on her short-lived talk show.[100][101][102][103][104][105]
  • Edgar Allan Poe, poet and writer, may have been bipolar.[106][107][108]
  • Jackson Pollock, American artist.[90]
  • Odean Pope, American jazz musician.[109]
  • Gail Porter, British TV presenter.[110]
  • Emil Post, mathematician.[111]
  • Charley Pride, country music artist. (autobiography) Pride: The Charley Pride Story. Publisher: Quill (May 1995). “Pride discusses business ventures that succeeded and those that failed, as well as his bouts with manic depression. He tells his story with no bitterness but lots of homespun advice and humor.”


  • Rene Rivkin, entrepreneur.[112]
  • Barret Robbins, former NFL Pro Bowler.[113]
  • Axl Rose, lead singer and frontman best known for Guns N’ Roses.[114] “I went to a clinic, thinking it would help my moods. The only thing I did was take one 500-question test – ya know, filling in the little black dots. All of sudden I’m diagnosed manic-depressive.”
  • Richard Rossi, filmmaker, musician, and maverick minister, revealed for the first time in a live interview on the Lynn Cullen show on June 5, 2008 the link between his artistic productivity and his depression to bipolar disorder, stating that “my father was bi-polar one, and I’m bi-polar two.” He spoke of the relationship between creativity and the illness.




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See also




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This article uses bare URLs for citations. Please consider adding full citations so that the article remains verifiable in the future. Several templates and the Reflinks tool are available to assist in formatting. (July 2011)
  1. ^ “Probe after Miami airport killing”. BBC News. 2005-12-08. Retrieved 2006-10-05. 
  2. ^ “Sophie Why Im always moody”. The Sun (London). 2007-05-17.,,2-2006420086,00.html[dead link]
  3. ^ | Adam Ant | Interview | 4music interview from 4music on
  4. ^ Liz Ohanesian (October 23, 2009). “Interview: Neo-Victorian Violinist, Singer Emilie Autumn”. LA Weekly. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ Andy Behrman – Electroboy – A look at Manic Depression
  6. ^ Andy Behrman: Author of Electroboy answers some questions from Matt Borondy
  7. ^ Q&A: Say Anything’s Max Bemis | Spin Magazine Online
  8. ^ Actor Maurice Benard Update
  9. ^ John J. O’Connor, Edmund F. Robertson (September 1998). “Ludwig Boltzmann”. Retrieved 2010-09-15. “He suffered from an alternation of depressed moods with elevated, expansive or irritable moods.” 
  10. ^ Brittle Heaven – The official ADRIAN BORLAND website
  11. ^ Camden New Journal – Books: My booky wook by Russell Brand
  12. ^
  13. ^ TBE: Jeremy Brett FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions
  14. ^ “Q: Did you feel suicidal before you were sectioned? A: Nah, I’m not that brave or clever. I wouldn’t know how to tie a rope, know what I mean?”. The Guardian (London). 2005-10-24.,3858,5316803-110418,00.html. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  15. ^ The Daily Telegraph (London).[dead link]
  16. ^ The Emma Brockes interview: Frank Bruno
  17. ^ ‘Nik Turner had remiained close to Barney up to his death, and was “heartbroken” when it happened. He had been the only member of Hawkwind to witness at first hand the terrifying transformation dealt by Barney’s manic depression.’Carol Clerk. Saga of Hawkwind, p.269. Omnibus Press, 2004 ISBN 1844491013.
  18. ^ “Barney had recently returned from Australia and was extremely depressed about the right and condition of the indigenous Aboriginal population. He also had a fixation about the Cold War, but his manic depressive state had really been fuelled over the previous three years by the death of his father and mother, from which he never recovered.” Ian Abrahams. Hawkwind: Sonic Assassins, p. 150. SAF Publishing Ltd, 2004, ISBN 0946719691
  19. ^ But Robert Calvert knew nothing about it. “Just at that particular moment, he’d had a 28-day section”, remembers Douglas. “He was a manic depressive and he’d disappeared into hospital. Certainly, he wanted to kill me afterwards because I’d taken his voice off, but he did forgive me eventually” Carol Clerk. Saga of Hawkwind, p.98. Omnibus Press, 2004 ISBN 1844491013.
  20. ^ “Unfortunately Calvert, who suffered from bipolar disorder, was then sectioned under the Mental Health Act, so was unavailable to re-record his lyric, and the lead vocals were recorded by the group’s bassist Lemmy, later of Motorhead fame.” Sending Up Space, Daily Mail, August 7th 2008: see
  21. ^ “Blair’s spin doctor talks of breakdown”. BBC News. 2002-01-07. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  22. ^ “Will Alastair Campbell’s diary divulge the truth about life at No.10?”. The Independent (London). 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  23. ^ Dauben 1979, p. 280:”…the tradition made popular by [Arthur Moritz Schönflies] blamed Kronecker’s persistent criticism and Cantor’s inability to confirm his continuum hypothesis” for Cantor’s recurring bouts of depression.
  24. ^ Dauben 2004, p. 1. Text includes a 1964 quote from psychiatrist Karl Pollitt, one of Cantor’s examining physicians at Halle Nervenklinik, referring to Cantor’s mental illness as “cyclic manic-depression”.
  25. ^ CNN transcript from Larry King Live, broadcast June 12, 2005
  26. ^ Benson, Heidi (2005-04-16). “Historian Iris Chang won many battles / The war she lost raged within”. The San Francisco Chronicle.
  27. ^ Blackmore, E. (1986). “John Clare’s Psychiatric Disorder and Its Influence on His Poetry”. Victorian Poetry 24 (3): 209–228. doi:10.2307/40001184. JSTOR 40001184edit
  28. ^ Simon Kövesi (10 October 2003). “John Clare: a biography, by Jonathan Bate”. London: The Independent. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  29. ^ Interview: Kurt Cobain’s Cousin on Youth Suicide |
  30. ^ Colonel Surry’s insanity, VOICE (University of Melbourne), October 2010.
  31. ^ Clooney, Rosemary (1977). This Is For Remembrance. Playboy Press.
  32. ^ Glaister, Dan (2007-05-24). “The plot thickens as crime writer Patricia Cornwell takes ‘cyberstalker’ to court”. The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
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  34. ^ Robert S. Corrington. Riding the Windhorse: Manic-Depressive Disorder and the Quest for Wholeness ISBN 9780761826194 (Hamilton Books, New York, 2003)
  35. ^ Carrie Berdon (July 23, 2008). “Many MPs have mental disorders: Costa”. Melbourne: The Age.
  36. ^ “Other tracks reflect the downward spirals in Crane’s early cycles of manic depression. The mournful adagio-like Banstead refers to the London mental hospital where he arrived off the plane from an American tour in a strait-jacket and encountered his first dose of ECT.”
  37. ^
  38. ^ “ABC15 EXCLUSIVE: Rapper DMX talks about drugs, dog fighting and recovery”. ABC 15. 4 August 2011.,-dog-fighting-%26-recovery-
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  40. ^ “Gap suicide preventable”. Wentworth Courier. 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  41. ^ a b c d e BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Comedian Fry reveals suicide bid
  42. ^ Duke, Patty (1992). A Brilliant Madness: Living with Manic Depressive Illness. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 0553560727
  43. ^ – Carrie Fisher ‘strikes back’ at mental illness
  44. ^ Robert Sokol (03/01/2007). “Lipstick on your collar?”. Bay Area Reporter.
  45. ^ Troy L. Smith (April 15, 2010). “Blue October bringing message to Water Street”. Democrat and Chronicle.
  46. ^ “Alan Garner”. The Guardian (London). 2008-07-22.,,-202,00.html. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  47. ^ “Falling sickness”. The Guardian (London). 1998-06-23.,,1048216,00.html. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  48. ^ “Paul Gascoigne: what Gazza did next”. The Independent (London). 2006-09-18. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  49. ^ “Mel opens up, but ever so fleetingly”. The Sydney Morning Herald. 2008-05-15.
  50. ^ CANOE – JAM! Music – Artists – Good, Matthew: Matthew’s Good gospel.
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  52. ^ “Extract from Graham Greene A Life in Letters edited by Richard Greene”. The Times (London). 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  53. ^ “New Perspectives on Ivor Gurney’s Mental Illness”, Pamela Blevins, Ivor Gurney Society Journal, Volume 6, 2000.
  54. ^ Tim Cooper (2009-07-12). “The Specials back on stage after 30 years”. London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2009-07-13. “Six years ago, Hall was diagnosed as suffering from bipolar disorder … It took four years to find the right medication, … The results have been spectacular, he says. “For two years, I’ve been really good — no weirdness, no darkness — and that’s great. I can operate now.”” 
  55. ^ Linda Hamilton says she has bipolar disorder – More news and other features –
  56. ^ “After a customary mental evaluation, a prison psychiatrist concluded that Hansen suffered from “bipolar-effective disorder” and requested that the courts order him to take lithium to control his mood swings.”
  57. ^ Morgan, John (2003-08-01). “Mariette Hartley triumphs over bipolar disorder”. USA Today. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  58. ^ Herald Sun Story on Jonathan Hay
  59. ^ Lisa Tyler, Student Companion to Ernest Hemingway (Student Companions to Classic Writers) Greenwood Press (30 Sep 2001) Hardcover: 187 pages. ISBN 0313310564. From page 13: “[Hemingway] was then diagnosed with what was then called manic-depressive illness but is now called bipolar disorder.”
  60. ^ Martin, C. D. (2006). “Ernest Hemingway: A Psychological Autopsy of a Suicide”. Psychiatry: Interpersonal & Biological Processes 69 (4): 351–322. doi:10.1521/psyc.2006.69.4.351. PMID 17326729edit
  61. ^ Gareth Grundy (25 July 2010). “Kristin Hersh: ‘I let bipolar disorder colour my early songs'”. London: The Observer. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  62. ^ Jezer, Marty (1993). Abbie Hoffman. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-2017-7.  p. xvii
  63. ^ Apter, Jeff (2004-11-23). Fornication: The Red Hot Chili Peppers Story. Omnibus Press. pp. 134. ISBN 1-84449-381-4
  64. ^ Robinson, John (2005-08-20). “Personal demons”. The Guardian (London).,4120,1552666,00.html#article_continue. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  65. ^ Weaver, Clair (2007-09-02). “Joey Johns’ bipolar despair”. The Sunday Telegraph.,22049,22346976-5001021,00.html
  66. ^ “MBLAQ’s Lee Joon is suffering from insomnia and bipolar disorder”. November 6, 2010. “I had no time to rest during that period. I knew that I had to study, but I couldn’t. I have a severe bipolar disorder, and people only saw what was broadcasted on TV. They don’t see the effort behind the screen, such as the late-night rehearsals. No matter how hard I tried, my body just couldn’t keep up with me, so it was very upsetting.” 
  67. ^ [1].
  68. ^ “Katona checks into Priory clinic”. BBC News. 2007-07-19. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  69. ^ Rhode Island news | | The Providence Journal.
  70. ^ Otto Klemperer – Behind every great conductor.
  71. ^ “June 28, 2001 Letter to A&E from Margot Kidder Concerning her biography”. Archived from the original on 2005-03-06. “I have been well and free of the symptoms that are called manic-depression for almost five years, and have been working steadily and leading a happy and productive life since then.” 
  72. ^
  73. ^ Our Apologies.
  74. ^
  75. ^ Holden, Anthony (1988). Laurence Olivier. New York: Atheneum. pp. 183. ISBN 0-689-11536-9. “At these moments Vivien turned into a stranger, whom he was seemingly incapable of helping. It was the beginning of a long and tortured series of such attacks, to be diagnosed some years later as manic depression.” 
  76. ^ “Jenifer Lewis’s Battle with Bipolar Disorder”. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. “Actress Jenifer Lewis, who appeared in Tyler Perry’s film Madea’s Family Reunion, recently revealed that she is bipolar and says she is finally ready to talk about it. “After years of therapy and after years of medication, I feel experienced enough now to come out and say bipolar disorder is treatable and you can get help and you don’t have to live such a tortured existence,” she says.” 
  77. ^ “The Souls That Drugs Saved”. Time. 1994-10-10.,9171,981590,00.html. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  78. ^ Goldberg, Joseph P.; Harrow, Martin (1999). Bipolar disorders: clinical course and outcome. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. pp. 195–196. ISBN 0-88048-768-2
  79. ^ “‘Disney’ Star Demi Lovato: I’m Bipolar”. Fox News. 2011-04-20.
  80. ^ “Challenge to art world a cry in dark”. Sydney Morning Herald. December 5, 2003.
  81. ^ : Person : Kristy McNichol : Biography.
  82. ^ Kristy McNichol.
  83. ^ Kristy McNichol.
  84. ^ Dinah Manoff on Entertainment Tonight.
  85. ^ Burgess Meredith obituary,, 10 September 1997.
  86. ^ Depression and How to Survive It, first edition, Spike Milligan and Anthony Clare, 1994. ISBN 0099858304.
  87. ^ MTV News article.
  88. ^ Molloy, Seaneen (17 December 2010). “Benefits Helped Me Turn My Life Around”. (London: Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  89. ^ Forbes.
  90. ^ a b Rothenberg, A. (2001). “Bipolar illness, creativity, and treatment”. The Psychiatric quarterly 72 (2): 131–147. doi:10.1023/A:1010367525951. PMID 11433879.  edit
  91. ^ Picard, André (October 29, 2009). “How Robert Munsch grabbed a lifeline”. The Globe and Mail (Toronto).
  92. ^ Did Florence Nightingale suffer from Bipolar Disorder?
  93. ^ Simon Hattenstone (11 September 2010). “Sinead O’Connor: ‘The Vatican is a nest of devils'”. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-09-15. “A turning point came seven years ago when she was diagnosed as bipolar. […] “[…] Being diagnosed meant I actually had a chance of being a normal person.”” 
  94. ^ Interview with Sonny Ochs speaking about her brother Phil Ochs with Larry Hoyt of WAER-FM 88.3, Syracuse, Saturday March 8, 2003
  95. ^ Nicola Methven (2010-01-09). “Bill Oddie reveals he thought he’d die with his bipolar battle last year”. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  96. ^ “Bill Oddie: ‘I wanted to end it all until I found out I was Bipolar'”. London: Daily Mail. 1 May 2010.[dead link]
  97. ^
  98. ^ “For a decade Camilla’s niece Emma Parker Bowles has been paralysed with bi-polar disorder… now she reveals all”. London: Daily Mail. 12 April 2010.
  99. ^ Ingrid’S Jaco Cybernest – Mind
  100. ^ Jane Pauley Discloses Bipolar Disorder
  101. ^ Oldenburg, Ann (2004-08-19). “Pauley’s struggle with bipolar disorder”. USA Today. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  102. ^ Highs and lows A common medication triggered Jane Pauley’s bipolar disorder. Could it happen to you?(Health & Fitness) – Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL) – HighBeam Research
  103. ^ Jane Pauley Brings Awareness of Bipolar Disorder
  104. ^ Pauley: Struggle with bipolar disorder – Books –
  105. ^ GROW A COMPANY :: Marketing, Communications, Advertising, Interactive, Graphic Design
  106. ^ Life and Letters and the London Mercury: An International Monthly of Living, Published by Brendin Pub. Co., 1929 (v.2 1929 Jan-Jun, p.171): “Poe, like Nietzsche, was a manic-depressive; and his existence followed a comparable course.”
  107. ^ From the Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe by Thomas Ollive Mabbott, Eleanor D Kewer, Maureen C Mabbott, Page 561, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1969: “Poe certainly had manic and depressive periods”
  108. ^ from Edgar Allan Poe: Rhetoric and Style by Brett Zimmerman, published by McGill-Queen’s Press – MQUP, 2005, (quote, from p.177: “…when the former was in one of his black moods – evidence supporting (in part) the theory that Poe was manic-depressive (see also Ostrom 404, 437)” [2]
  109. ^ Jazz great Pope tells of bipolar struggles
  110. ^ Gail Porter interview in the Guardian
  111. ^ Martin Davis, 1994, “Emil L. Post: His Life and Work” in Davis, M., ed., Solvability, Provability, Definability: The Collected Works of Emil L. Post. Birkhauser
  112. ^ Rivkin children silent about fabulously flawed father Sydney Morning Herald 3 May 2005
  113. ^ CNN.[dead link]
  114. ^ Here Today… Gone To Hell! | Articles > The world according to W. Axl Rose by Del James
  115. ^ Evan Fairmont (July 7, 2010). “Music and madness at Vail Symposium”. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  116. ^ Marin Alsop (June 21, 2008). “Robert Schumann: Music amid the Madness”. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  117. ^ Miranda Sawyer (8 February 2009). “Bipolar music – and how to get the mood swinging on Today: Robert Winston’s Musical Analysis, R4”. London: The Observer. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  118. ^ Higgins, Ria (2007-06-24). “Best of Times Worst of Times Simone”. The Times (London). Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  119. ^ “Slater tells: my bipolar disorder”. The Sydney Morning Herald. 2005-03-14.
  120. ^ “Slater reveals bipolar illness”. The Age (Melbourne). 2005-03-14.
  121. ^ “Eels’ Tim Smith reveals bipolar disorder”. Parramatta Sun. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  122. ^ KNAC.COM – Features – Peter Steele Feature
  123. ^ Ink 19 :: Peter Steele
  124. ^ Tom Gliatto (April 5, 1999). “Dark Forces; Brooke Shields’s TV Sitcom Costar David Strickland Takes His Own Troubled Life”. People magazine.,,20127872,00.html
  125. ^ David Strickland at the Internet Movie Database
  126. ^ “Punk icon Poly Styrene dies”. BBC News. 26 April 2011. “She moved into a Krishna temple in Hertfordshire with her daughter, and struggled with bipolar disorder.” 
  127. ^ Sutherland’s 1976 autobiography Breakdown, ISBN 0198523807, describes in detail his struggles with manic depression.
  128. ^ Hils Barker (12 December 2010). “The Mackenzie Taylor I knew, by comedian Hils Barker”. London: The Guardian.
  129. ^ Parapsychologist Michael Thalbourne Passes.
  130. ^ | Colorado’s Online News Leader | Body of missing Boulder man found in Hawaii.
  131. ^
  132. ^ Tierney, Gene; Herskowitz, Mickey (1979). Self-Portrait. Peter Wyden. ISBN 0883261529.
  133. ^
  134. ^
  135. ^ Miami – Movies – Grizzly Fate.
  136. ^ Daily InterLake Default News page.
  137. ^ “Margaret Trudeau reveals struggle with bipolar disorder”. CBC News. 2006-05-06.
  138. ^ Purse, Marcia (July 20, 2009). Jean-Claude Van Damme – Actor: Bipolar disorder, Cocaine and Abuse Charges. Guide. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
  139. ^ Australian Woman’s Day magazine, January 30, 2006.
  140. ^ Perry, I. ‘Vincent van Gogh’s illness: a case record’ in Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 1947, Volume 21, pp. 146-172.
  141. ^ ‘My brain is still feeling tired and dried up’ in letter 558b.
  142. ^ Hemphill, R.E. ‘The illness of Vincent van Gogh’, in The Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1961, Volume 54, pp. 1083-1088.
  143. ^ Hall, Michael (March 1998). Texas Monthly. “The Great, Late Townes Van Zandt”.
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  145. ^ “Ruby Wax Loses It”. Romford Recorder. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  146. ^ Billy Sloan (Apr 25 2010). “Comedienne Ruby Wax tests new show on tour of Priory clinics”. Daily Record. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  147. ^ : Stone Temple Pilots – Rhapsody Music Downloads “I suffer from manic-depressive disorder, and I’ve chosen not to take medication for it.” Quotation from Weiland during an interview.
  148. ^ Nancy Schimelpfening. “Pete Wentz Admits He Has Bipolar Disorder”; August 7, 2007
  149. ^ Ken Berger (Nov. 22, 2010). “West deals with bipolar disorder, gets back on track”. CBS Sports.
  150. ^ Aurora Advisors, Inc. – Management Consulting
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  152. ^ Salahi, Lara (July 25, 2011). “Amy Winehouse: Career Shadowed by Addiction”. ABC News. Retrieved July 24, 2011. 
  153. ^ Katherine Dalsimer, Ph.D. (May 2004). “Images in Psychiatry: Virginia Woolf (1882–1941)”. American Journal of Psychiatry. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  154. ^ Fleeman, Mike (April 13, 2011). “Catherine Zeta-Jones Treated for Bipolar Disorder”. People (Time, Inc.).,,20481540,00.html. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
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