The Municipality of Newtown, incorporated in 1862, comprised 480 acres within the existing electorate of Newtown. The area which became the Municipality was composed of a number of land grants, mostly issued in the 18th
In 1779, Governor Phillip set aside land for the Crown, the Church and – the area which concerns us to today – 200 acres for the support of a school teacher. No definite action was taken to utilize the 200 acres and it reverted to the Crown. In 1801 it formed part of the land granted to the Trustees of the Female Orphan Institution but, in 1806, the Trustees, upon being granted 1,000 acres at Bathurst
in lieu of this land, agreed to its being granted to William Bligh for the
purpose of erecting a residence. He named it ‘Camperdown’.
In 1793, Lieutenant Thomas Rowley was granted 100 acres which he called ‘Kingston’ and Superintendent of Convicts, Nicholas Devine was granted 120, 90 and 8 acres in 1793, 1794 and 1799 respectively. He amalgamated these grants to form ‘Burren Farm’.
Only a portion of each of these grants was enclosed by the borders of the Newtown Municipality. However, the entire area of the 25 acre grants to Private Dukes, Evans and Field, and the 30 acre grants to Caudell, Jenkins and Page, as well as Jane
Codd’s grant, all issued in 1794, were later incorporated. Smaller grants, all
less than 3 acres issued in 1837, 1843 and 1869 made up the balance.
POINT 1: HOLLIS PARK
Easily the most elaborate group of dwellings in Newtown, built on land purchased by Magistrate John Kettle when Bligh’s ‘Camperdown’ estate was subdivided. The houses, built in the 1880’s, formed part of an overall planned development unusual in Sydney and considered a ‘throw back’ to the planned squares of London and Brighton.
Hollis Park was resumed for education purposes in 1892 but leased for a peppercorn rental to the Newtown Municipality as a playground in 1911. It is named after Robert Hollis MLA, a prominent advocate of trade unionism, who lived in Newman Street. Warren Ball Avenue is named after the prominent Newtown Councillor and businessman and Georgina Street after Kettle’s daughter.
POINT 2: KING STREET, CORNER GEORGINA STREET
Originally called Cook’s River Road, this thoroughfare was named King Streetin 1877
and even last century caused much concern with the dust, mud and noise created
by the heavy traffic of drays, carriages, horse omnibuses, horse trams and, later, steam trams. One of Sydney’s many toll bars crossed King Street at the corner of Forbes Street.
On King Street, between Georgina and Fitzroy Streets, stood Cambridge Hall where lived Eliza Donnithorne, the recluse around whose lonely vigil much local legend has grown.
POINT 3: CORNER KING STREET AND MISSENDEN ROAD
Site of O’Connell Town, one of the two hamlets from which the village of Newtown developed. Captain Maurice O’Connell married Bligh’s daughter, Mary, thus acquiring her share of his ‘Camperdown’ estate which he subdivided in the 1840’s.
The Marlborough Hotel was once known as the Daniel Lambert Hotel whose namesake was a well-known identity who, it is claimed, upon his death in 1809, weighed over 52 stones!
Many of the buildings in King Street were erected in the latter years of the 19th Century and exhibit many of the features of Victorian architecture. Nearby streets e. g. O’Connell, Bucknell, Brown and Egan are named after early landholders and residents.
POINT 4: CORNER KING STREET AND CHURCH STREET
King Street was always predominantly a retail street: the shops, which are mostly also residences, did not displace dwellings. Further down King Street is the old Methodist Church built in 1860. Many years ago, the showpiece of Brown Street was ‘Leichhardt Lodge’ built by W. H. Aldis and named after his friend, the explorer Ludwig Leichhardt. Stephen Campbell Brown lived in this house for many years.
POINT 5: BAPTIST CHURCH/ST. STEPHEN’S CHURCH AND CEMETERY
Land was purchased for the Baptist Church in 1862 but services continued to be held in the Town Hall until the front part of the building was opened in 1873. The side wings were added over the next fifteen years.
St. Stephen’s Church was designed by Edmund Blacket. The foundation stone was laid in 1871 and the first service conducted in 1874. This church, of outstanding architectural significance, is in the English Decorated Revival style, in cruciform plan with side aisles, gallery, two vestries, porch and tower, with stone spire on the north side. It is built of Pyrmont sandstone with a slate roof and stone traceried windows. It replaced the original church, a squat brick building with a vestry and small belfry built in 1844-5 but destroyed by fire c. 1939 after seeing many years as a church, school and Sunday school.
The cemetery was consecrated in 1841, since which there has been over 18, 000 burials. Many graves were removed to this site from the old George Street Cemetery to make way for the Town Hall and from the old Devonshire Street Cemetery to make way for Central Railway Station. Amongst those buried here are Surveyor General, Sir Thomas Mitchell, Sir Maurice O’Connell, Alexander Macleay of Elizabeth Bay House and many luminaries of the early colony, especially from this Municipality.
POINT 6: LENNOX STREET
Church Avenue Terrace is a neat, single-storey terrace built in the 1880’s. Terrace and terrace-type houses built in pairs were the dominant forms of domestic dwelling constructed in the Municipality, mostly in the boom period of the 1880’s. Most premises were rented, but often the owner of a terrace or pair resided in one of the houses. In 1890, a commodious, two-storey terrace house in Newtown was let for c. 30/- per week. Most terraces comprised between four and eight houses, but terraces of between ten and twenty were not uncommon.
Down Mary Street can be seen the Post Office in King Street, cnr. Erskineville Road, built in 1890 on the site of an older Post Office. The first Post Office in Newtown was in King Street, near Missenden Road.
POINT 7: CORNER LENNOX AND AUSTRALIA STREETS
The Court House Hotel is one of the few old hotels not located on King Street or Enmore Road. By 1878 there were 24 hotels within Newtown’s 480 acres; by 1892 there were 29, all but 8 strategically located on the two main thoroughfares. Judging from the Court records, they were well patronised indeed!
The corner furniture shop was once Dibble’s bakery, the produce of which regularly took out prizes at the Easter Show.
The Infants’ School in Australia Street was built in 1889 to alleviate the severe overcrowding being experienced in the nearby school in King Street.
POINT 8: FIRE STATION AND COURTHOUSE
The Fire Station was designed by the Government Architect, William McRae and built in 1913. It replaced an earlier 1892 construction. In the earlier days of the Colony, fire fighting was the responsibility of the insurance companies.
Up until 1879, all court cases were heard in the old Central Police Courts in the city, where the Queen Victoria Building now stands. The Newtown Courthouse, designed by the Colonial Architect, James Barnet, was built between 1833-35. It is constructed out of stuccoed brick with a slate roof.
POINT 9: NEWTOWN BRIDGE
This is the site of Webster’s weatherboard store around which a small hamlet grew, to become known as the ‘new town’, thus Newtown. It is, and always has been, the focus of the suburb. The library was Newtown’s first Town Hall, originally built as the School of Arts. The former ANZ Bank was built in 1875 and the CBC Bank in 1885. Across King Street is the Newtown Railway Station, the sites of the old markets and the old ‘bus and tram sheds and a number of old hotels, much altered.
POINT 10: CORNER ENMORE ROAD AND STATION STREET
Station Street is so named because it led directly to the original Newtown Railway Station. Across the railway line is St. Joseph’s Roman Catholic Church, designed by architect Thomas Rowe who also designed the Great Synagogue. The Church was opened in May, 1869.
Across Enmore Road, on the site now occupied by high rise units, stood Reiby House, built by noted emancipist and entrepreneur Mary Reiby, who entertained lavishly and
was frequently seen driving to the city in her coach drawn by whit horses. The convict-built house had solid stone walls two feet thick, floors of hardwood, massive cedar fittings and huge cellars which ran the length of the ground floor. The casement windows on the ground floor were provided with shutters both inside and out, some of which were provided with secret bells as a precaution against intruders.
POINT 11: ENMORE ROAD, OPPOSITE REIBY STREET
On the corner of Enmore Road and Reiby Street is the Friendly Societies’ Dispensary built in 1902 and enlarged in 1912, It served the needs of a number of Lodges already established in Newtown, providing sick and funeral benefits. Cost per member, in 1912, was sixpence each month.
Hidden behind the liquor shop – and indeed behind a thousand alterations – is Stanmore House, Newtown’s only surviving old mansion now barely recognisable and very forlorn in comparison with its former glory. It was built in 1847 and 1855 by Mary
Reiby for her daughter Elizabeth Anne who married Captain Joseph Long Innes. It
was of Colonial Regency design with a central entrance and gable, wide verandah
and capped columns. It is claimed that Sir Joseph Long Innes, who was appointed
to the Legislative Council in 1873 and was one-time Attorney General of NSW,
was born here in 1834. James Pemmell, parliamentarian and wealthy flour merchant, lived here until his death in 1906.
POINT 12: REIBY/RAWSON/STATION STREETS
A good cross-section of Newtown housing dating largely from the 19th Century, ranging from the tiny houses of Dora Terrace in Reiby Street to the quite elaborate Ulster Terrace and San Jose Terrace in Station Street.
Until the 1880’s the area to the south of Station Street was dominated by Camden Villa, later Camden College, one-time home of Sir Thomas Holt MLC who, in 1863, donated it to the Congregational Church for use as a theological college. It was used as a finishing school for young ladies before being demolished in 1888 to make way for more terraced housing.
POINT 13: HOLT STREET, CORNER KING STREET
Another view of King Street. The old brickyards to the south were once a hive of industry and site of the first steam brick making works in NSW, established in 1871. Prior to that, sand-stock bricks were made by hand.
Newtown Congregational Church, now the Greek Orthodox Church, opened in 1856
was built on land donated by Hon. J. Fairfax, founder of the Sydney Morning Herald. The first pastor was Rev. S. C. Kent, also principal of nearby Camden College. The school which adjoined the church was intended to provide a basic education for students who would proceed to the College for theological training.
POINT 14: NEWTOWN SUPERIOR PUBLIC SCHOOL
This was the first of many government schools to be opened in the Municipality. It was designed by G. A. Mansfield and commenced operations in 1877. It is of Victorian Gothic style, with walls of brick on stone foundations. Alterations to the roof have somewhat diminished the original appearance of the building. In 1882 there were almost 1,000 pupils attending the school and the crowded conditions brought on periodic outbursts from the concerned and scandalised citizenry.
POINT 15: ST. GEORGE’S HALL
This prominent Newtown landmark was built by a Joint Stock Company in 1887 to the design of architect David Ross. The construction is of moulded stuccoed brickwork with very elaborate interior which has been partially restored. It was opened by Sir Henry Parkes in 1887 and contained a number of halls, meeting rooms and shops. It was the largest hall in Sydney until the Town Hall was constructed in 1888.
That was the brief given to ten selected third-year architecture students from the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), with the outcome now on display in an exhibition at Customs House until the end of May.
Architect and lecturer, Frank Minneart, was the force behind ‘The Power of 10′ idea that promotes our next generation of architectural talent. ‘The work in this exhibition is exciting because of the students’ fresh and provocative interpretation,’ he said.
Mr Minneart emphasised the need to look at new ways of thinking about contemporary cities like Sydney. ‘Public icons such as Sydney’s Town Hall need to become more accessible to citizens’, he said.
One of the students who responded to that challenge was Luke Durack, whose design for a new Town Hall incorporates a stunning contemporary building with plenty of public space.
Mr Durack said his idea came from thinking about how the Town Hall should serve the city. ‘We’re looking at a building that’s a focal point of the city, like our harbour and parks, so it should be a place to go to, but also a place to pass through, that’s part of public circulation.’
In focussing on the public space surrounding the building as much as the building itself, Mr Durack’s said his design includes ‘intimate areas like cafes and restaurants to attract people, as well as a new laneway and pedestrian pathways to better connect the Town Hall to the city.’
But what about the Town Hall’s iconic steps? In Mr Durack’s design, they stay. He said he recognised the steps were a key element of the current Town Hall and has adapted them in his design as an expansive meeting place.
‘I have taken the steps and applied them to the new site as a way of providing seating across the public space,’ he said.
For Mr Durack and the other nine students, the exhibition is a great chance to get their ideas and designs for one of the city’s icons into the public arena.
‘It gives you a fairly big kick to know people are coming to see your work and has been a great motivation,’ he said. As to whether he’d like to see his design for Sydney’s Town Hall become a reality, he was a little more circumspect.
But organiser Frank Minneart is hopeful that stimulating the imagination of young designers is an invaluable way of determining the City’s future. ‘The idealistic and creative responses given by these ten students foreshadow the new thinking to come in Sydney’s future design,’ he said.
– Linda Daniele
Within bulging folders documenting an extraordinary collection of shoes – ranging from the beautifully crafted models of brocaded silk and embroidered linen of the early 18th century to the cutting edge designs of the early 21st century – Lindie Ward is looking for something special.
Triumphantly, the curator of the Powerhouse Museum‘s 1997 exhibition and co-author of the newly revised book Stepping Out: Three Centuries of Shoes pulls out a photograph of a pair of tattered red thongs.
“The bloke who owned this pair wore them all round the world,” she says.
“It took a lot of convincing to get him to donate them to the Powerhouse. If you look closely at the strapping, you can see where he has mended it with wire.”
Once the daggy footwear of choice for dads at the family barbecue, thongs have evolved into a multimillion-dollar industry and are the hot new footwear trend of the 21st century. But the desire to look cool can come at a price and with a new study from the US finding that wearing thongs may be bad for your feet and legs, could the fashion rebirth instead be a swan song for the thong?
It was perhaps only a matter of time before a researcher somewhere came up with a reason to trash that veritable staple of any Aussie wardrobe. Researchers from Auburn University in Alabama recently studied the footwear biomechanics among 39 graduate men and women alternately wearing athletic shoes and thongs.
They found that thong wearers took shorter steps and their heels hit the ground with less vertical force than when the same walkers wore athletic shoes. Lead study author Justin Shroyer said that wearing thongs can alter a person’s gait. With the foot working harder than it should, people may develop overuse injuries such as tendonitis, or lower leg, knee, hip and back problems.
“What we found is that people take shorter strides and that their ankle angle and the angle between their shin and the top of the foot is actually increased,” Mr Shroyer said. “Broken-in” thongs can be the most risky, he said, and the much-loved footwear should not be your “primary choice.”
That directive is a huge ask for a nation that claims a special identity with thongs, as evidenced by Kylie Minogue being hauled towards centre stage on a giant thong during the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games closing ceremony. Thongs are even included in the entry on national dress on the Government’s official Australian culture website. The entry reads: “Thongs are seen as essential Australian summer footwear for going to the beach, down to the local shops, to a barbecue or just about anywhere.”
Weighing in on the attack on the ubiquitous footwear, Australian podiatrists say they are not surpised by the new US findings showing that wearing slip-ons can have potentially debilitating effects on ankles, knees and legs. But they argue the humble thong should not be judged too harshly as the damage they cause cannot compare to the dreaded high heel.
“We have heard of thongs causing problems, especially up here in Queensland where people where them year-round,” said Dr Lloyd Reed, a senior lecturer in podiatry at Queensland University of Technology soon after the findings were presented to the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine.
“But it’s the lady’s dress shoe and high heel that has the most to answer for. It causes terrible, often irreversible problems.” Dr Reed said people very rarely thought about the impact of their shoes on anything other than their feet. “They notice when it’s not a good fit on the foot but that’s about it,” he said.
Discounting the study, he said there was little research on the impact of thongs in particular, but they were generally frowned upon by podiatrists because they offer very little foot support. “The biggest problem we see with them is people with excessive dried skin and cracked heels from wearing them day in and day out,” Dr Reed said.
Paul Bours, from the Australian Podiatry Association (NSW), said arch strains, hammer toes, Achilles tendon injuries and split heel pads were the major concerns. Because thongs offered no protection, fractured toes were another danger, he said. “The problem is you have to curl your toes to keep them on when your leg swings, which is the opposite of what you’re supposed to be doing,” Mr Bours said.
Archeologists say sandals ancestral to thongs are the oldest form of crafted shoe, and date back over nine millenia. Talk about classic design. Thongs are so classic that there’s an Egyptian hieroglyph for it, a long oval with an inverted V in just the right place. An Associated Press article first published in Washington in 2006 on the best-selling footwear in the history of the world, says King Tutankhamen’s tomb had prototypic thongs in it.
But that most iconic of Australian footwear reportedly owes its existence to the Japanese zori, a sandal held with a thong between the toes, as worn in Japan from at least the Hein period (794-1185). Originally made with wooden soles or woven bamboo or rice straw, rubber soles made them more durable and thongs spread throughout the Far East wherever there were rubber trees.
“We don’t know where it originated but we do know that the Egyptians were wearing a kind of thong in 3000 BC and the Japanese have been wearing them forever,” says Ms Ward. She explains that the modern, rubber sole thong was developed in the late ’50s and early ’60s. “But it’s not certain whether it was in New Zealand or Australia,” she says.
Both countries claim to have invented it but Ms Ward believes a strong case exists for today’s thong first appearing on the other side of the Tasman Sea: “All the evidence points towards New Zealand, where Maurice Yock invented the jandal in 1957. There isn’t any evidence of Australians producing anything thong-like before Dunlop in the ’60s.”
Brazil didn’t invent the thong, but it appears to have cornered the market in at least the modern fashion version. Under the brand name Havaianas, the Portuguese word for ‘Hawaiians’, by 1965 the Sao Paulo-based manufacturer Alpargatas was making 1000 pairs a day. Today Alpargatas claims to produce five pairs a second, 125 million pairs a year and says it has sold 2.2 billion since 1962. That’s a lot of thongs.
Whatever its origins and irrespective of its fashionable renaissance, the thong’s value as an Australian icon remained undiminished and unthreatened, until now. With warmer weather on the way, proof of this continuing status will be in the wearers.
Thong devotee Candice Todd, 27, says she won’t be swapping her footwear of choice for anything, despite the potential risks. Ms Todd, a film location scout from Newtown, has 10 pairs of thongs and wears them every day in summer.
Despite the extensive use she gets from her thongs, Ms Todd says she has never experienced any foot problems as a result, apart from the odd blister from wearing in a new pair. “I did have a lady come up to me one time and tell me I’d get hammer toes if I kept wearing thongs”, she said. “But I told her my toes have always looked this.”
Given the formidable historical lineage of thongs it is not likely they have suddenly become more injurious, as a shoe historian reader pointed out in a comment posted in response to a news report of the US study.
On the other hand, what is likely is the continued resounding slap of plenty of Aussie sole mates.
– Linda Daniele
* This feature story was submitted as Assessment Item 1 in 57014 Feature Writing.
Assessment Item 1: A 1,000-word feature story
|Objective(s):||Prepare a follow-up feature story based on recent events.|
Heartsong Creations children’s clothing
This independent Australian-owned business uses certified organic cotton to create “inspired” sustainable wear for babies and children. Melinda Chiew, the owner of this business, is a former colleague who
left publishing to create Heartsong.
She says Heartsong was first conceived in 2003 when she struggled to find a truly special “Congratulations on your new baby” present for her friend who had just given birth to her first child.
“I wanted to send something useful, unique and personal, which was meaningful and reflected the “blessing from above” that my friend had just given birth to,” she says.
The Heartsong range includes T shirts, onesies, bibs, long-sleeve shirts, long-sleeve coveralls, tanks, singlets and hats etc for children 0 to 6 years.
Melinda is kindly offering the special of 10% off online orders. Enter the following discount code at the online checkout: postcard10.
For Master O, I was looking for some blocks and I came across these beautiful ones at a wonderful environmentally friendly children’s toy store in Newtown called Flying Penguin. We got the French ones, to mix it up a little bit.
From the Flying Penguin website entry:
Looking for the perfect heirloom baby gift? Lindenwood Blocks are it: a delight to touch and classically beautiful.
With two embossed letters on each block, bevelled edges and non-toxic ink, these blocks are produced in America from replenishable local kiln-dried Basswood. These blocks are ideal to decorate a newborn baby’s room and perfect educational play as the child grows – encouraging physical, intellectual, creative and social skills.
This French language set includes 32 blocks providing 2 complete alphabets, numerals, and 32 different animal pictures.
Size: each block is a 4.4 cm cube. The set is 38 x 18.5 x 4.5 cm
From Lindenwood’s website:
“We have always manufactured our products with an eye to the environment. We strive to be responsible in both our process and ecological impact. We repurpose scrap and virtually every grain of wood dust at our factory. Horses bed on our wood curls and our wood salvage is used to heat homes.”
“With Safety being our number one concern we would like to respond to the continuing concerns over lead paint in the manufacture of toys.
Lindenwood, Inc. would like to reassure all customers that “Uncle Goose” brand alphabet blocks and all other Lindenwood products are made to exceed all voluntary and mandatory standards for lead content in toys. We produce 100% of our products within our factory in Grand Rapids, allowing us to control the entire process from wood milling and inspection through to shipping.
•Our products are made from replenishable Michigan grown, Kiln-dried Basswood.
•We use non-toxic, child-safe inks with the added safety of being independantly tested for lead before their use.
•CPSIA Compliant – ASTM-F963 / EN-71 Compliant
•We have eight points of inspection in our process that insures high quality and we are constantly working to improve.”
ABC Blocks (in various languages)
Available from Flying Penguin
Shop 1, 359 King Street, Newtown
Ph: 02 9516 2842
- Over 400 Italian words and their English translations
- Illustrated by the picture book artist, David Melling (The Kiss that Missed, Fidget and Quilly)
- Expertly-levelled supplementary material on counting, colours, opposites, the weather and shapes
And for something to put all the beautiful books in, I stumbled across these hand made book bags, when I attended a local Christmas night market. Made by Susan Wells, swellgal book bags can be personalised with childrens’ names via very cute colourful buttons that Susan added on when I put in an order. I loved them so much that, apart from putting in an order for some of the gorgeous littlies I know, I even got one for myself (in a very fetching zebra-like textured material) to hold my documents for the day. It’s perfect since takes A4 size documents comfortably and looks so stylish too.
swellgal Book Bags by Susan Wells
Available via phone and email orders
Ph: 0419 613 106
One of Australia’s finest design colleges threw open its doors in September to showcase the work of its latest crop of talented students.
The college’s open day allowed prospective students and their families to talk to teachers, tour the facilities, participate in interactive displays and pick up an application form for next year.
In a first for TAFE NSW, one such application form available is for a degree at the college.
Design Centre Enmore has launched a three year degree program in interior design, that will have its first intake in 2011.
The Bachelor of Design (Interior Design) aims to strike a balance between academic and practical learning, and will be taught by design practitioners in a real world creative design environment.
Todd Packer, head teacher of the interior design and decoration department at Design Centre Enmore, said the degree will “bridge the gap between our strong reputation for vocational excellence, and those students looking to study to an internationally-recognised standard in interior design”.
The degree program will build on the excellent reputation of the existing advanced diploma, with a more theory–based degree that has a practical, career-oriented focus, according to Mr Packer.
In conjunction with the open day, the college hosted a young designer’s market in the quadrangle of the college, with an array of work from young designers available to purchase.
“It’s a tough job market out there,” Design Centre Enmore director Dr Jeffrey Crass said. “Whilst our training can give students the skills that employers want, we make learning a fun and enjoyable experience.”
Audrey Toth is a third year apprentice in jewellery manufacture studying at Design Centre Enmore, who recently won the “Women at Work – making a difference” study award for 2010.
The award provides financial support for women to further their careers in manufacturing and automotive industries and is made possible by Manufacturing Skills Australia.
As well as doing her apprenticeship, Audrey is studying a diploma in gemmology and has also started studying hand engraving at Design Centre Enmore.
According to her teacher, Darren May, in his 20 years as a practising jeweller in Sydney he has only come across one other female gem setter. “Historically the jewellery manufacturing industry has been male-dominated,” Mr May said.
“The techniques used in making jewellery have not changed for hundreds of years, requiring a lot of manual labour, and with some techniques requiring physical strength. Audrey is breaking stereotypes as she makes her mark as a manufacturer, especially be choosing to be a gem setter,” he said.
Audrey said that working as an apprentice at AE Design, a boutique jewellery studio located in the Sydney CBD, for her employer Apkar Ervan has been a challenging and rewarding experience.
“Having chosen a path least travelled [by women] I experienced a bit of scepticism and sometimes shock and astonishment from fellow trades people when they saw and heard that I was, a young girl, learning to become a setter,” she said.
“Apkar has shown me the importance of technique and preparation in my work as opposed to relying on force of application.”
Audrey’s boss invested in a compressor to aid Audrey with certain jobs. “This work place initiative is new technology compared to the way things have been done traditionally. It means that more women like me are not limited in their work choices,” she said.
Mr Ervan, a third generation jeweller and setter, ceased trading for the day that Audrey received the award and travelled to Brisbane with her to share in her success.
“The jewellery industry needs more women like Audrey to raise the bar in this new generation. This award not only recognises her achievements, but also helps to break down the barriers that have held back other women from choosing such a rewarding career,” he said.
This article was first published in Precinct magazine, Issue 10/2010.
- TAFE to offer degrees (news.theage.com.au)